Useful neuronal studies include the following:
- Needle electromyography, which can help diagnose lumbosacral radiculopathy with axonal loss.
- Nerve conduction studies, which can help differentiate lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) from other confounding neuropathic conditions (e.g., lumbosacral plexopathy, generalized peripheral neuropathy, tarsal tunnel syndrome, other mononeuropathies);
- Somatosensory evoked potentials, which are useful in the diagnosis of central nervous system(CNS) pathology and are also used intraoperatively during decompressive surgery to assist the physician in dynamically identifying any iatrogenic changes to the sensory pathways.
Doctors usually decide to assess patients for spinal cord injuries based on two factors: the location and type of injury a patient has sustained, and his or her symptoms. Anyone who has fallen, suffered a blow, or lost consciousness may have suffered a spinal cord injury. If you also experience headaches, loss of movement, tingling, difficulty moving, or difficulty breathing, your doctor may decide to assess you for a spinal cord injury.
No single test can assess all spinal cord injuries. Instead, doctors rely on a variety of protocols, including:
Clinical evaluation: The doctor will make a detailed list of all of someone's symptoms, and may conduct blood tests, ask a patient to move their limbs, follow movement in their eyes, and conduct other tests to narrow down symptoms.
Imaging tests: The doctor may order MRI imaging or other forms of radiological imaging to view the spinal column and spinal cord.Show Less