Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Sleep Disturbances and Quality of Life Among Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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Main idea: CBT is effective for sleep disturbances and can also improve sleep quality, increase QOL, and decrease glycemic levels in participants with T2DM.

Abstract

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is recommended as the first-line non-pharmacotherapy for sleep complaints. However, there are no studies that tested CBT for improving sleep quality and increasing quality of life (QOL) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Therefore, this study aims to test the effect of CBT on sleep disturbances and QOL in patients with T2DM.

In total, 187 participants with T2DM and comorbid poor sleep quality were included in the analysis with the control group of 93 receiving usual care (UC) only and the intervention group of 94 receiving CBT with aerobic exercise plus UC. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Diabetes-Specific Quality of Life Scale (DSQLS), and the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) values were collected at baseline, after the 2-month intervention, and 6 months of follow-up.

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