Main idea: Mindfulness-based stress reduction significantly improved sleep quality and mental health. Future research is needed using standardized methods examining the long-term effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of individuals with insomnia.
Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a potentially effective treatment of insomnia; however, there is no comprehensive review of its mental health effects among insomnia patients. This study aimed to synthesize relevant quantitative evidence and evaluate mindfulness-based stress reduction application and effectiveness for insomnia patients’ sleep quality and mental health.
Results: In total, data for 497 patients in seven randomized controlled trials were analyzed. The results revealed that compared to the control group, the mindfulness-based stress reduction group significantly improved in sleep quality, depression, and anxiety. A sensitivity analysis was undertaken. After carefully reviewing included trials, we can reasonably conclude that these heterogeneities did not impair the overall effect of Mindfulness-based stress reduction in the results.