Main idea: A single, easy-to-use rhCollagen flowable gel application for chronic lower limb ulcers may promote wound closure with minimal adverse events.
Chronic ulcers pose a significant health concern and economic burden. Numerous products, including animal-derived collagen products, have been designed to provide the injured site with a biocompatible structural matrix that promotes tissue regeneration. Yet, animal-derived collagens can evoke immune responses, bear risk of disease transmission, and fail to closely mimic the function of native collagen.
This study aims to assess the safety and performance of a novel flowable wound matrix, formulated from tobacco plant-purified fibrillated recombinant human type I collagen (rhCollagen), in patients with chronic lower limb ulcers.
Results: Twenty patients (mean age, 63 years), presenting with a chronic ulcer of neuropathic (45%), posttraumatic (35%), postoperative (10%), and venous (10%) origin, underwent rhCollagen treatment. Initial wound area ranged between 0.2 cm3 to 9.2 cm3. At 4-weeks post treatment, median wound area reduction was 94%. Fifteen ulcers exhibited ≥ 70% wound closure, 9 of which achieved complete closure. Only 1 participant suffered a local self-resolving wound infection. No significant device-related adverse events were reported throughout the study.