[Clinical efficacy and influencing factors of different modes of continuous negative pressure wound therapy on venous ulcer wounds of lower limbs]

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Main idea: Clinical application of continuous NPWT under single negative pressure mode and cyclic alternating negative pressure mode has a positive effect on improving the wound base and healing rate of venous ulcer of lower limbs. But cyclic alternating negative pressure mode is significantly more effective than single negative pressure mode in improving TcPO(2) around the wound, reducing wound pH value, reducing exudate volume and relieving pain. The serum levels of TNF-α and bFGF, TcPO(2) around the wound and the degree of wound pain were the risk factors that affect the wound healing significantly.

Abstract

Objective: To explore the clinical efficacy of different modes of continuous negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) on venous ulcer wounds of lower limbs, and to analyze the influencing factors.

Results: (1) On treatment day 7, the wound healing rate of patients in SNPT group was (33±10) %, which was significantly higher than (24±9) % of RDC group (P<0.05). On treatment day 14, the wound healing rates of patients in SNPT group and CANPT group were (71±15)% and (66±18)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (45±19)% of RDC group. (2) Compared with those of RDC group, the TcPO(2) value around the wound of patients was significantly increased in SNPT group on treatment day 14 and in CANPT group on treatment day 7 and 14 (P<0.05 or P<0.01), the pH value of wound drainage fluid of patients was significantly decreased in SNPT group on treatment day 10 and 14 and in CANPT group on treatment day 7 and 14 (P<0.05), the volume of wound drainage fluid of patients was significantly reduced in SNPT group on treatment day 10 and 14 and in CANPT group on treatment day 7, 10, and 14, the serum levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α of patients were significantly decreased in SNPT group and CANPT group on treatment day 7 and 14 , the serum level of TGF-β(1) of patients was significantly increased in CANPT group on treatment day 14 (P<0.05), the serum levels of VEGF and bFGF were significantly increased in SNPT group and CANPT group on treatment day 14 (P<0.01), the bacteria detection proportion of wound exudate, wound pain, and anxiety scores of patients were significantly decreased in SNPT group and CANPT group on treatment day 7 and 14 (P<0.01). Compared between the negative pressure therapy two groups, except the wound pain score of patients in CANPT group was significantly lower than that in SNPT group (P<0.01) on treatment day 7, the other indicators mentioned above were similar. (3) The length of hospital stay of patients in SNPT group was similar to that in CANPT group, which were significantly shorter than the time in RDC group (P<0.01). The total treatment cost of patients among the three groups was similar.

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